During World War I, City Hospital opened the Sunnyside Sanitarium to care for local tuberculosis patients. A new surgery unit and clinical research laboratory were added in the 1920s. In 1935, Eli Lilly and Company purchased the first iron lung in the state of Indiana for City Hospital to use in the treatment of polio patients. Dr. Charles Myers, the superintendent from 1931 to 1951, opened a municipal cancer clinic and laid the groundwork for the Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Indianapolis’ first full-service heart clinic.
Milestones in the 1940s and 1950s included two name changes, first to Indianapolis General Hospital and then to Marion County General Hospital, devoted to caring for the area’s underserved residents. Midtown Community Mental Health Center was established at Eskenazi Health in 1969, becoming Indiana’s first community mental health center and the site of nearly three-quarters of a million patient visits per year today.
In 1975, the hospital changed its name again, to Wishard Memorial Hospital, and it became more closely affiliated with the Indiana University School of Medicine whose faculty physicians, to this day, provide a comprehensive range of primary and specialty care to Eskenazi Health patients.
Over a 40-year period, from the mid 1970s, the Eskenazi Health-Regenstrief Partnership for Healthcare Quality has conducted groundbreaking work that provides the foundation for electronic medical record systems in use around the globe.
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